Factors associated with family reuniﬁcation for children in
M.López López, J. F. del Valle, C. Montserrat and A. Bravo.
Child and Family Social Work
In this paper, we analyse reuniﬁcation processes from family foster care, both kinship and non-kinship, and the variables associated with them in a Spanish sample. Data collection was carried out after a review of child protection and foster care ﬁles, and those responsible for the cases were also consulted. The cases studied were closed, which made it possible to assess the ﬁnal outcome of the fostering.
We found that only one-ﬁfth of the children return to their birth family after the fostering, and that those in non-kinship are less likely to do so. Seven factors were associated with family reuniﬁcation processes: age of the child, kinship care with family co-operation, drug dependence in parents, neglect due to alcoholism, foster care under voluntary arrangement with visits, short-term fostering with family co-operation and parental impossibility due to imprisonment.
The contribution of these data takes on particular importance given that the Spanish child protection system keeps no ofﬁcial statistics on the development or outcome of its interventions and records even less information on the factors associated with such outcomes.